Henry Salt Archive

Henry Salt (1853-1939) was the author of the Life of Henry David Thoreau, Animals Rights and A Plea for Vegetarianism which inspired Gandhi for follow a vegetarian diet.

Literary Critic and Man of Letters

I have written books because I liked doing so, not because they brought me any profit — A Group of Unpublished Letters by Henry Salt to Joseph Ishill

In his biographies and critical studies, which make up a large part of his publications, Salt was most satisfied and successful when he treated authors with whom he had most sympathy... George Hendrick, Henry Salt

In addition to his reform work, Salt began writing serious literary criticism on a wide range of English-speaking authors: Lord Tennyson, John Barlas, Francis Adams, Henry Thoreau, Herman Melville, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Percy Bysshe Shelley, James Thoreau (B.V.), Thomas De Quincey, and many others.

One of his greatest achievements as a biographer and critic was his Life of Thoreau, still one of the most perceptive and best-written studies of the Concord naturalist-philosopher. Until Salt wrote his biography of Thoreau, Thoreau was little known in England beyond a small circle of admirers.

Salt's several studies on Shelley were also outstanding. He recognised Shelley's poetic abilities and praised him for being the "uncompromising champion of the people's rights and true liberty of thought and action..." His Shelley studies became the basis for a critical reevaluation that helped restored as the poet-prophet of a new age of social, economic, and dietary reform.

Salt was a gifted biographer and critic whose works have stood the test of time.