Henry Salt Archive

Henry Salt (1853-1939) was the author of the Life of Henry David Thoreau, Animals Rights and A Plea for Vegetarianism which inspired Gandhi for follow a vegetarian diet.

The Logic of Vegetarianism: Essays and Dialogues

by Henry S. Salt (Author)

The Logic of Vegetarianism: Essays and Dialogues by Henry S. Salt
Title:The Logic of Vegetarianism: Essays and Dialogues
Publisher:Idea Publishing Union Ltd., London
Edition:First Edition
Other Editions:
  • 1906: Second Edition
  • Contents

    Why “Vegetarian”?
    The Raison D'être of Vegetarianism
    The Past and Present of Vegetarianism
    Structural Evidence
    The Appeal of Nature
    The Humanitarian Argument
    Palliations and Sophistries
    The Consistency Trick
    The Degradation of the Butcher
    The Aestetic Argument
    The Hygenic Argument
    Conditions of Climate
    Flesh Meat and Morals
    The Economic Argument
    Doubts and Difficulties
    Bible and Beef
    The Flesh-Eater's Kith and Kin
    Vegetarianism as Related to Other Reforms


    Arguments for vegetarianism: moral, scientific, economic, health, social, and aesthetic. Amazingly comprehensive, devastating critiques of 31 anti-vegetarian arguments (some so silly they are humorous, but many of these arguments still in use).

    The arguments or claims made by opponents of vegetarianism:
    (1) Consuming eggs and diary products contradicts the meaning of "vegetarian."
    (2) There is no difference between roasting an ox and boiling an egg.
    (3) Vegetarians who do not immediately and completely shun all animal products are hypocrites.
    (4) No great empires (Roman, British) were ever founded by vegetarians.
    (5) Human canine teeth prove the necessity of flesh-eating.
    (6) The human stomach is much different than that of true herbivore.
    (7) History shows that humans are omnivorous.
    (8) Vegetarianism is contrary to the laws of nature, red in tooth and claw; to kill is natural.
    (9) It is necessary to destroy life in order to live.
    (10) Raising food animals in pleasant conditions and killing them painlessly is not cruel.
    (11) Eating animals is no worse than using them for labour.
    (12) The rapid death of food animals is preferable to the agonising death of humans.
    (13) Food animals, free of the fears and dangers experienced by wild animals, are happier.
    (14) It is better for animals that we use them for food than that they do not exist at all.
    (15) Vegetarians who eat eggs and diary products are inconsistent.
    (16) Consistent vegetarians could never kill lice or germs.
    (17) Flesh-eating is just as aesthitic as vegetarianism.
    (18) Vegetarians are sentimentalists.
    (19) Meat eating is necessary for strength.
    (20) Flesh-food is easier digested than vegetarian food.
    (21) Flesh diet is necessary in cold climates ("What would become of Eskimoes if all became vegetarians?").
    (22) What difference does it make whether we eat flesh or non-flesh, so long as the spirit in which we eat be a proper one?
    (23) Vegetarianism is economically impractical.
    (24) Vegetarianism is an inconvenient diet.
    (25) Eating flesh is necessary for developing a manly spirit.
    (26) How could we exist without leather? Soup? Candles?
    (27) How could land be fertilised without manure from food animals?
    (28) If the life of animals be regarded as sacred as human life, civilisation will revert to a primitive condition.
    (29) If we turn loose all the food animals they will over-populate, overrun the land, starve, lie dead on highways and in the suburbs.
    (30) We were given permission by God to eat animals.
    (31) Vegetarians do not give sufficient priority to more important social reforms (war, poverty, etc.).


    Idea Publishing Union Ltd., London, 1899
    George Bell & Sons Ltd., London, 1906, 116 pages
    George Bell & Sons Ltd., London, 1918
    (Revised and abridged edition) London Vegetarian Society, London, 1932 and 1933